Labeling Variables and Data Values. A variable label gives more information about the content of a variable than the 8-character variable name can provide.Value labels indicate the meaning of data values where these are not evident. Even though both types of labels often are defined during the step of building a new data file, they also may be defined, or existing labels may be changed, later.
This chapter discusses variable names and labels and value labels. Specific topics include. Rules about variable names in SPSS; Systems for naming variables; Adding variable labels; Adding value labels; Controlling whether labels are displayed in tables; Applying the data dictionary from a previous data set.
Changing Value Labels in SPSS. The VALUE LABELS command should be used carefully since it will first erase all value labels for a variable and then apply whatever you specify. This often made mistake is demonstrated in the syntax below.; Often, ADD VALUE LABELS is a better alternative for changing or adding value labels. Note that both commands can be applied to multiple variables simultaneously.The problem is this: when I use the RECODE syntax, SPSS does not recode the cells which contain more than 1 value. I understand why, because when using the statement I understand why, because when.SAS and IBM SPSS files are written in UTF-8, meaning the data is in UTF-8 which is Designer-compatible. Value Labels. Both IBM SPSS and SAS files support value labels. Value labels are a table within the data that allows the data to hold a key. The value label indexes can be numeric or alphabetic. For example.
Excel Labels, Values, and Formulas. Labels and values. Entering data into a spreadsheet is just like typing in a word processing program, but you have to first click the cell in which you want the data to be placed before typing the data. All words describing the values (numbers) are called labels. The numbers, which can later be used in.Read More
Hi Jonathon, In many SPSS data files, all variables are left defined as scale, even when they might in reality be ordinal or nominal. I'm trying to import a data file as saved directly from Qualtrics, and have lost all of the value labels as well as the variable labels.Read More
VALUE LABELS allows values of variables to be associated with labels. In this way, a short value can stand for a longer, more descriptive label. Both numeric and string variables can be given labels. For string variables, the values are case-sensitive, so that, for example, a capitalized value and its lowercase variant would have to be labeled separately if both are present in the data.Read More
We have SPSS files that have hundreds of fields, most of which have embedded value labels and we're getting more SPSS files all the time. We have no problem exporting the data to Access but we lose the value labels. And because there are so many different fields that have these (with more coming in each SPSS file we receive), manually creating the subtables in Access is tedious.Read More
SPSS codes different categories by assigning each one a number (which is displayed in the datasheet above). To see how this is done, revisit the Adding Variables tutorial. To see what the different coding options are in any dataset, you can CLICK on the View menu and select the Value Labels option or use the Value Labels shortcut.Read More
For each value, enter the value and a label. Click Add to enter the value label. Click OK. You can also use Define Variable Properties to assist you in the process of assigning value labels. Define Variable Properties scans the data and lists all the unique values for each variable, providing a simple grid to enter value labels next to the corresponding values. See the topic To Define Variable.Read More
B.4 Value Labels Records. The value label records documented in this section are used for numeric and short string variables only. Long string variables may have value labels, but their value labels are recorded using a different record type (see Long String Value Labels Record). ReadStat (see File Header Record) writes value labels that label a single value more than once.Read More
Example Data, SPSS Data Entry, and Value Labels. One may use the independent samples t-test to learn whether two groups have mean scores that differ, statistically, on a quantitative, continuous variable. For example, suppose one is interested in learning whether differences exist between females and males in mathematics scores. Data for such a comparison are presented below in Figure 1.Read More
Type in the value in a cell (e.g. 1, 2, or 99) Use defined value labels to enter data. To display value labels select Value Labels from the View menu. Click the cell where you want to enter the value and select the value from the list (e.g. male, female, or missing). Screen shot of Data View with drop down Value Labels box. Saving data.Read More
SPSS handout 1: Transfering Data from Excel to SPSS Richard Buxton and Rosie Cornish. 2007. This handout describes how to transfer data from Excel into SPSS. The handout is particularly aimed at those who have questionnaire data, but the instructions are applicable for other sorts of data as well. 1 A couple of warnings SPSS is much better at handling numeric variables than string variables.Read More